JEE Mains

  • About Exam

    Admission criteria to Undergraduate Engineering Programs at NITs, IIITs, Other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions, Institutions funded by participating State Governments, and other Institutions shall include the performance in the class 12/equivalent qualifying Examination and in the Joint Entrance Examination, JEE (Main). The Paper-1 (B. E./B. Tech.) of JEE (Main) will also be an eligibility test for the JEE (Advanced), which the candidate has to take if he/she is aspiring for admission to the undergraduate programmes offered by the IITs. The States of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland and Odisha have joined JEE (Main) system. Therefore, the candidates seeking admission to the institutions in these states, which were earlier admitting based on their State Level Examination, are also advised to fill in the JEE (Main) – 2017 application form online.

  • Eligibility

    I. Date of Birth Only those candidates whose date of birth falls on or after October 01, 1992 are eligible. However, in the case of Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and Persons with Disabilities (PwD) candidates, upper age limit is relaxed by 5 years, i.e. SC, ST and PwD candidates who are born on or after October 01, 1987 are eligible. Date of birth as recorded in the Secondary Education Board/University certificate will only be considered.

    II Year of Appearance in Qualifying Examination (QE) Only those candidates who have passed their Class 12th Exam or any equivalent qualifyingexamination in 2015 or2016; or those who are appearing in their Class 12th Exam or any equivalent qualifyingexamination in 2017 are eligible to appear in JEE(Main)- 2017. Candidates who passed Class 12th/Qualifying examination in 2014 or before as well as those who will appear in such examination in 2018 or later are not eligible to appear in JEE (Main) – 2017. Candidates who appeared in class 12th/equivalent qualifying Examinations in 2014, did not pass in 2014, but passed in 2015 are also not eligible to appear in JEE (Main) 2017.

    III Number of subjects in the Qualifying Examination (QE) Candidates must have taken at least five subjects in class 12th/qualifying examination in order to be eligible for writing JEE (Main) – 2017. The candidates who have taken four subjects are not permitted to write JEE (Main)2017and if such candidates appear in JEE(Main) 2017 by furnishing wrong information, their rank/result will not be declared.

    IV Number of Attempts The number of attempts which a candidate can avail at JEE (Main) shall be limited to 03 (three). CANDIDATES ARE ALSO ADVISED TO NOTE AND VERIFY FOR THEMSELVES THE ELIGIBILITY FOR APPEARING IN JEE(ADVANCED) – 2017 AS WELL AS ELIGIBILITY FOR ADMISSION TO VARIOUS INSTITUTES. BEING ELIGIBLE TO WRITE JEE (Main) AND BY OBTAINING AN ALL INDIA RANK IN JEE (Main), A CANDIDATE DOES NOT AUTOMATICALLY BECOME ELIGIBLE FOR ADMISSION. CANDIDATES SEEKING ADMISSION TO THE INSTITUTIONS IN THE STATES OF GUJARAT MADHYA PRADESHNAGALAND AND ODISHA, WHICH WERE EARLIER ADMITTING BASED ON THEIR STATE LEVEL EXAMINATION, ARE ALSO ADVISED TO VERIFY THEIR ELIGIBILITY AS PER CRITERIA LAID DOWN BY THESE STATE GOVERMENTS.

    V No. of Attempts and Age limit for the states of Madhya Pradesh and Odisha: Since the states of Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland and Odisha have joined JEE (Main) system from 2014. The age limit, for admission to institutions in these states which were earlier admitting candidates based on their state level examinations, will be as per their past practice only. The number of attempts in such cases will also remainsame as per their past practice. This will however be obviously not applicable for admission to IITs/NITs/IIITs/CFTIs.

  • Process

    In order to appear in JEE (Main) and JEE (Advanced) 2017, the candidates are required to apply only online as per procedure detailed below’

    I. Applying Online and Submission of Application The online submission of particulars, uploading of scanned photograph and signature may be made at JEE (Main) website. The candidates should supply all the required details while filling up the online form. On submission of details, a Acknowledgement Page with Application No. shall be generated. Candidates are required to take printout of AcknowledgementPage and keep it for reference.TheAcknowledgement Page is not requiredto be sent to JEE (Main) Secretariat (please refer point no. 10 of Important Instructions on page 3). The application fee payment can be made: (a) by credit/debit card/Paytm or (b) by depositing fee in cash in the Syndicate/Canara/ICICI/HDFC bank through e-challan generated during the online filling of application form.

    II. Instructions for Applying Online Before filling up the application form the candidate should have a scanned image of his/her photograph and signature. These scanned images are to be uploaded during the submission of application form. The photograph should be colour or b/w (but clear contrast) with name of the candidate and date of taking the photograph printed on it as shown below. It should be without cap or goggles. Spectacles are allowed. Polaroid photos are not acceptable. Candidates with unclear photograph are liable to be rejected. Candidates may keep 6-8 identical photographs in reserve for use at the time of entrance examination, Seat Allocation Process and Admission. The information given in the first column of the following table will be asked in the Online Application form. The instructions to fill up the form have been given in the second column.

    Please also see section IV for JEE (Advanced)

    III. Application Format AADHAAR Authentication Nationality Indian / OCI/PIO/ Foreign State of Eligibility State from where the candidate has passed/appearing in class XII or equivalent examinationor state mentioned in the Passport (Appendix 4) State from where the candidate has passed/appearing in class XII or equivalent examination State mentioned in the Passport Aadhaar Number, Aadhaar Enrolment ID, Aadhaar Registration number, Passport Number, Ration Card Number, Bank Account Number, any other valid Government ID Number Candidate’s Name As per Aadhaar or other ID Date of Birth (DD/MM/YYYY) As per Aadhaar or other ID Gender Male / Female (as per Aadhaar or other ID) Examination Details JEE (Main) – 2017 Applying for JEE (Main) Paper – 1 (B.E. / B. Tech.)Only JEE (Main) Paper – 2 (B. Arch. / B. Planning) Only JEE (Main) Paper – 1 & Paper –2 Both Mode of Examination Pen and Paper Based Examination Computer Based Examination Choice of Examination Centre (any four) As per list of Examination cities (Appendix 2) Question Paper Medium English / Hindi / Gujarati Personal Details Mother’s Name Maximum 46 Character Father’s Name Maximum 46 Character Category General/ SC/ ST/ OBC – NCL(Central List) State list OBC Candidates who are not in OBC – NCL central list must choose General. State admission boards shall verify State OBC list separately. Person with Disability (PwD) Yes/ No If PwD, mention the percentage of disability? Whether you need scribe/reader? Yes/No In case of girl candidate, Are you the only child of your parents? Yes / No November 10, 2016 Page 16 of 52 Place of Residence Rural / Urban Complete Mailing Address Pin code of mailing address Academic Details Year of Passing Class 10th or its Equivalent 2001-2015 Place of 12th class schooling Village / Town / City Year of Passing or Appearing Class 12th / Qualifying Examination 2015 / 2016 / 2017 Note: Candidates from Madhya Pradesh and Odisha please see section 2.9.5 School Board of Class 12th / Qualifying Examination As per list of Boards given in Appendix 6 Roll Number of Class 12th / Qualifying Examination (if allotted) Whether appearing for improvement examination of class 12th in all subjects Yes/No If, yes, Roll Number of improvement Examination (if allotted) Name of the Qualifying Examination passed/appearing as per Appendix 3 Type of Institution of Class 12th / Qualifying Examination Government / Private Mode of Preparation Self Study / Individual Tuition / Coaching/ Correspondence Courses/Others Name & Address of the School / College from where passed / appearing Contact Details Email Address Mobile No. Land line no. with STD code or any other contact no. Guardian Details Father‟s Qualification Illiterate / Matriculate / Graduate / Post Graduate / Others Father‟s Occupation Agriculture/ / Business/ Medical/ Engineering /Law Practice/ Government Service/ Public Sector Service/ Private Service/ Teaching or Research/ Architecture/ Pharmacy/ Self Employment/ Others (including House wife) November 10, 2016 Page 17 of 52 Father‟s Annual Income Up to 100000 /Rs. 100001 -200000 / Rs. 200001 – 300000 /Rs. 300001 -400000 / Rs. 400001 -500000 /Rs. 500001-600000 / Rs. 600001-700000 /Rs. 700001-800000 / Rs. 800001 and above Mother‟s Qualification Illiterate / Matriculate / Graduate / Post Graduate / Others Mother‟s Occupation Agriculture/ / Business/ Medical/ Engineering /Law Practice/ Government Service/ Public Sector Service/ Private Service/ Teaching or Research/ Architecture/ Pharmacy/ Self Employment/ Others (including House wife) Mother‟s Annual Income Up to 100000 /Rs. 100001 -200000 / Rs. 200001 – 300000 /Rs. 300001 -400000 / Rs. 400001 -500000 /Rs. 500001-600000 / Rs.600001-700000/Rs.700001-800000/Rs.800001and above Declaration by the candidate I hereby declare that all the particulars stated in this application form are true to the best of my knowledge and belief. I have read and understood the JEE procedures for both JEE (Main)- 2017 and JEE(Advanced) – 2017. I shall abide by the terms and conditions thereon. To be uploaded during the submission of online application form File Format File Size Dimension Photograph of Candidate JPEG format 4KB to 40KB 3.5cm x 4.5cm Signature of Candidate JPEG format 1KB to 30KB 3.5cm x 1.5cm

    IV. Additional Information for Candidates for JEE (Advanced) – 2017 The candidates who are declared eligible for JEE (Advanced) – 2017 will have to again register later on at the JEE (Advanced) website http://jeeadv.ac.inafter the declaration of the JEE (Main)-2017score. They may note that it is compulsory to appear in both the papers of JEE (Advanced) – 2017 to be eligible for admission to IIT. For latest information related to JEE (Advanced) kindly visit the JEE (Advanced) website http://jeeadv.ac.in

    V. ADMIT CARD FOR JEE (Main) – 2017 The Admit Card can be downloaded from JEE (Main) website from 2nd week March 2017 onwards. The candidates are advised to download their admit cards from JEE (Main) website only.The Candidates are also advised to regularly see JEE (Main) website for updates. A call centre will also be functional on all working days from 9.00 AM to 5.30 PM for general facilitation. The phone numbers of the call centre are available on the website of JEE (Main).

  • Pattern

    JEE Main Exam Pattern: This engineering entrance exam comprised of two papers. Candidates seeking admission in BE/BTech programmes at NITs, IIITs and CFTIs appeared for Paper-1 whereas Paper-2 was given by aspirants for architecture and planning programmes.

    This engineering entrance exam was of three hour duration which candidates gave in either of the two mediums, that is:

    • Computer Based Exam
    • Pen-Paper Based Exam

    A total of 90 questions was asked in this engineering entrance exam. These questions were asked from different subjects. JEE Main 2016 syllabus listed the topics in which aptitude of candidates can be tested.

    Computer Based Exam

    JEE Main 2016 Computer Based Exam (CBE) was of three hour duration and consist of question from subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. All questions carried equal weightage.

    Marking: The exam pattern for JEE Main was such that for every correct answer candidates was awarded a total of four marks and for every wrong answer one mark was deducted. However, no deduction was made from the total score if no response was selected for a question by the candidate.

    For every question asked in the exam, only one response was correct so candidates were advised against selecting multiple responses.

    Pen and Paper Based Examination

    JEE Main 2016 pen and paper based examination was three hour duration entrance exam. The JEE Main exam pattern was such that the question paper was divided into three sections each for Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics . Each section had contained multiple choice questions from the specific subject after which the section is named. Each question in the pen and paper based examination carried equal weightage.

    Marking: For every correct answer in pen and paper JEE Main examination candidates were given four marks and for every incorrect response ¼ mark, that is, one mark was deducted from the candidate’s score. No deduction was made from the total score of a candidate if he/she had not selected any response for the question. For every question asked in this entrance examination only one out of the four responses was correct.

    The computer based test and the pen & paper based entrance exam was held on separate dates.

  • Exam Centers

    City Code State CITY Mode of Exam. Mode of Exam.
    1 ANDAMAN & NICOBAR PORT BLAIR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    2 ANDHRA PRADESH GUNTUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    3 TIRUPATI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    4 VIJAYAWADA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    5 VISAKHAPATNAM PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    6 ARUNACHAL PRADESH ITANAGAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    7 ASSAM GUWAHATI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    8 SILCHAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    9 BIHAR GAYA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    10 MUZAFFARPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    11 PATNA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    12 CHANDIGARH CHANDIGARH/MOHALI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    13 CHHATISGARH RAIPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    14 DADRA NAGAR HAVELI DADRA NAGAR HAVELI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    15 DAMAN & DIU DAMAN & DIU PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    16 DELHI DELHI/NEW DELHI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    17 GOA PANAJI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    18 GUJARAT AHMEDABAD PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    19 ANAND PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    20 BHAVNAGAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    21 GANDHI NAGAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    22 GODHRA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    23 PATAN PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    24 RAJKOT PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    25 SURAT PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    26 VADODARA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    27 VALSAD PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    28 HARYANA FARI DABAD PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    29 GURGAON PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    30 HISAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    31 KARNAL PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    32 KURUKSHETRA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    33 HIMACHAL PRADESH HAMIRPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    34 SHIMLA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    35 JAMMU & KASHMIR JAMMU PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    36 SRINAGAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    37 JHARKHAND BOKARO PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    38 DHANBAD PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    39 JAMSHEDPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    40 RANCHI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    41 KARNATAKA BENGALURU PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    42 HUBLI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    43 MANGALORE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    44 KERALA ERNAKULAM PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    45 KOZHI KODE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    46 THIRUVANTHAPURAM PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    47 LAKSHADEEP KAVARRATI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    48 MADHYA PRADESH BHOPAL PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    49 GWALI OR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    50 INDORE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    51 JABALPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    52 REWA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    53 UJJAIN PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    54 MAHARASHTRA AMRAVATI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    55 AURANGABAD PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    56 MUMBAI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    57 NAGPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    58 NASIK PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    59 PUNE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    60 THANE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    61 MANIPUR IMPHAL PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    62 MEGHALAYA SHILLONG PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    63 MIZORAM AIZWAL PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    64 NAGALAND DIMAPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    65 KOHIMA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    66 ODISHA BALASORE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    67 BERHAMPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    68 BHUBANESWAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    69 CUTTACK PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    70 ROURKELA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    71 SAMBALPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    72 PUDUCHERRY PUDUCHERRY PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    73 PUNJAB AMRI TSAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    74 BATHINDA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    75 RAJASTHAN AJMER PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    76 BIKANER PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    77 JAIPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    78 JODHPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    79 UDAIPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    80 SIKKIM GANGTOK PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    81 TAMILNADU CHENNAI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    82 COIMBATORE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    83 MADURAI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    84 TELANGANA HYDERABAD PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    85 KHAMMAM PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    86 WARANGAL PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    87 TRIPURA AGARTALA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    88 UTTARAKHAND DEHRADUN PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    89 HALDWANI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    90 HARIDWAR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    91 ROORKEE PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    92 UTTAR PRADESH AGRA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    93 ALLAHABAD PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    94 BAREILLY PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    95 GORAKHPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    96 JHANSI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    97 KANPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    98 LUCKNOW PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    99 VARANASI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              100 WEST BENGAL DURGAPUR PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              101 HOWRAH PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              102 KOLKATA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              103 SILIGURI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              104 OUT SIDE INDIA COLOMBO COMPUTER BASED
              105 KATHMANDU COMPUTER BASED
              106 SINGAPORE COMPUTER BASED
              107 BAHRAIN PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              108 DUBAI PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              109 MUSCAT PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              110 RIYADH PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
              111 SHARJAH PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    112 RAJASTHAN (INDIA) KOTA PEN & PAPER BASED COMPUTER BASED
    113 OUTSIDE INDIA DHAKA COMPUTER BASED
  • SYLLABUS

    The syllabus for JEE Main for Paper-1 which BE/BTech aspirants had to stick to was as follows:

    JEE Main 2016 Mathematics Syllabus

    UNIT 1: Sets, relations and functions

    Sets and their representation; Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions; One-one, into and onto functions, composition of functions.

    UNIT 2: Complex numbers and quadratic equations

    Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions. Relation between roots and co-efficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

    UNIT 3: Matrices and determinants

    Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three. Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants. Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.

    UNIT 4: Permutations and combinations

    Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.

    UNIT 5: Mathematical induction

    Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications.

    UNIT 6: Binomial theorem and its simple applications

    Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.

    UNIT 7: Sequences and series

    Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers. Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum upto n terms of
    special series: S n, S n2, Sn3. Arithmetico – Geometric progression.

    UNIT 8: Limit, continuity and differentiability

    Real – valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two. Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems. Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.

    UNIT 9: Integral calculus

    • Integral as an anti – derivative. Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions. Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions. Integration using trigonometric identities.
    • Evaluation of simple integrals of the type Integral as limit of a sum. Fundamental Theorem of Calculus. Properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

    UNIT 10: Differential equations

    Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree. Formation of differential equations. Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type: dy/dx+p(x)y=q(x)

    UNIT 11: Co-ordinate geometry

    Cartesian system of rectangular co-ordinates 10 in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.

    • Straight lines

    Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

    • Circles, conic sections

    Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

    UNIT 12: Three dimensional geometry

    Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.

    UNIT 13: Vector algebra

    Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

    UNIT 14: Statistics and probability

    Measures of Dispersion: Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
    Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.

    UNIT 15: Trigonometry

    Trigonometrical identities and equations. Trigonometrical functions. Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Heights and Distances.

    UNIT 16: Mathematical reasoning

    Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if. Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive.

    JEE Main 2016 Physics Syllabus

    UNIT 1: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT

    Physics, technology and society, S I units, Fundamental and derived units. Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.

    UNIT 2: KINEMATICS

    Frame of reference. Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion. Scalars and Vectors, Vector addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.

    UNIT 3: LAWS OF MOTION

    • Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion; Impulse; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces.
    • Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction.
    • Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.

    UNIT 4: WORK,ENERGY AND POWER

    Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem, power.

    • Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

    UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION

    Centre of mass of a two-particle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; moment of inertia, radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion.

    UNIT 6: GRAVITATION

    The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo-stationary satellites.

    UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS

    Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number. Bernoulli’s principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact,application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling.

    UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS

    Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature. Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.

    UNIT 9: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES

    Equation of state of a perfect gas, work doneon compressing a gas.Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules; Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy,applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path, Avogadro’s number.

    UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES

    Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period; Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance.

    Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound

    UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS

    Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

    Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

    • Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.
    • Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.

    UNIT 12: CURRRENT ELECTRICITY

    Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, V-I characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications.

    UNIT 13: MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM

    • Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.
    • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
    • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferro- magnetic substances.
    • Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

    UNIT 14: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS

    Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LCR series circuit, resonance; Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

    UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

    • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics. Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves.
    • Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays). Applications of e.m. waves.

    UNIT 16: OPTICS

    • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula, Total internal reflection and its applications, Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism, Lens Formula, Magnification, Power of a Lens, Combination of thin lenses in contact, Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.
    • Wave optics: wavefront and Huygens’ principle, Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.

    UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER ANDRADIATION

    Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation; particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

    UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI

    Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones. Radioactivity-alpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.

    UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES

    Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

    UNIT 20: COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

    Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere; Sky and space wave propagation, Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only).

    JEE Main 2016 Chemistry Syllabus

    SECTION A: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

    UNIT 1: SOME BASIC CONCEPTS IN CHEMISTRY

    Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory; Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound; Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis; Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae; Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

    UNIT 2: STATES OF MATTER

    • Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
    • Gaseous State: Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation; Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour, compressibility factor and van der Waals equation.
    • Liquid State: Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).
    • Solid State: Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (fcc, bcc and hcp lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties.

    UNIT 3: ATOMIC STRUCTURE

    • Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of hydrogen atom, Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates, derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr’s model; Dual nature of matter, de-Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle.
    • Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features, concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number; Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

    UNIT 4: CHEMICAL BONDING AND MOLECULAR STRUCURE

    • Kossel – Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, concept of ionic and covalent bonds.
    • Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy.
    • Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity, Fajan’s rule, dipole moment; Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules. Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory – Its important features, concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals; Resonance.
      Molecular Orbital Theory – Its important features, LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, concept of bond order, bond length and bond energy.
    • Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

    UNIT 5: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS

    • Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes.
    • First law of thermodynamics – Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution. Second law of thermodynamics; Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, Dgo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

    UNIT 6: SOLUTIONS

    Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure – composition, plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.

    UNIT 7: EQUILIBRIUM

    • Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.
    • Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid -liquid, liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria, Henry’s law, general characterics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
      Equilibria involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle.
    • Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid – base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water, pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

    UNIT 8: REDOX REACTIONS AND ELECTROCHEMISTRY

    • Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions.
    • Eectrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications.
    • Electrochemical cells – Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement; Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change; Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

    UNIT 9 : CHEMICAL KINETICS

    Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and half – lives, effect of temperature on rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

    UNIT10 : SURFACE CHEMISTRY

    • Adsorption- Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.
    • Colloidal state- distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids – lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics.

    SECTION B: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    UNIT 11: CLASSIFICATON OF ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY IN PROPERTIES

    Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity.

    UNIT 12: GENERAL PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES OF ISOLATION OF METALS

    Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores; Steps involved in the extraction of metals – concentration, reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe; Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals.

    UNIT 13: HYDROGEN

    Position of hydrogen in periodic table, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen; Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water; Structure, preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide; Hydrogen as a fuel.

    UNIT 14: S – BLOCK ELEMENTS (ALKALI AND ALKALINE EARTH METALS)

    • Group – 1 and 2 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationships.
    • Preparation and properties of some important compounds – sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide; Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement; Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca.

    UNIT 15: P – BLOCK ELEMENTS

    Group – 13 to Group 18 Elements: General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group.

    Groupwise study of the p – block elements

    • Group – 13: Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; properties of boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums.
    • Group – 14: Allotropes of carbon, tendency for catenation; Structure & properties of silicates, and zeolites.
    • Group – 15: Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of phosphorus.
    • Group – 16: Preparation, properties, structures and uses of ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.
    • Group – 17: Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens.
    • Group –18: Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon.

    UNIT 16: d – and f – BLOCK ELEMENTS

    • Transition Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4 .
    • Inner Transition Elements: Lanthanoids – Electronic configuration, oxidation states and lanthanoid contraction.
    • Actinoids – Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

    UNIT 17: CO-ORDINATION COMPOUNDS

    Introduction to co-ordination compounds, Werner’s theory; ligands, co-ordination number, denticity, chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

    UNIT 18: ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY

    • Environmental pollution – Atmospheric, water and soil.
    • Atmospheric pollution – Tropospheric and Stratospheric
    • Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Green house effect and Global warming; Acid rain;
    • Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.
    • Stratospheric pollution- Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer – its mechanism and effects.
    • Water Pollution – Major pollutants such as, pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.
    • Soil pollution – Major pollutants such as: Pesticides (insecticides,. herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention. Strategies to control environmental pollution.

    SECTION C: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    UNIT 19: PURIFICATION AND CHARACTERISATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS

    • Purification – Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications
    • Qualitative analysis – Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.
    • Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) – Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.
    • Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

    UNIT 20: SOME BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

    • Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.
    • Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)
      Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
      Electronic displacement in a covalent bond – Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.

    UNIT 21: HYDROCARBONS

    • Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.
      Alkanes – Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
    • Alkenes – Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis and polymerization.
    • Alkynes – Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.
    • Aromatic hydrocarbons – Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono-substituted benzene.

    UNIT 22: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING HALOGENS

    • General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
    • Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform.

    UNIT 23: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING OXYGEN

    General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

    ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS

    • Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.
    • Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer – Tiemann reaction.
    • Ethers: Structure.
    • Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group;Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as –
    • Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of r – hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

    CARBOXYLIC ACIDS

    • Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

    UNIT 24: ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN

    General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses. Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character. Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

    UNIT 25: POLYMERS

    General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization-addition and condensation, copolymerization; Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.

    UNIT 26: BIOMOLECULES

    • General introduction and importance of biomolecules. CARBOHYDRATES – Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides (sucrose, lactose and maltose).
    • PROTEINS – Elementary Idea of r – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
    • VITAMINS – Classification and functions.
    • NUCLEIC ACIDS – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

    UNIT 27: CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE

    • Chemicals in medicines – Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins – their meaning and common examples.
    • Chemicals in food – Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples. Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

    UNIT 28: PRINCIPLES RELATED TO PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY

    • Detection of extra elements (N,S, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
    • Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following: Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum. Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
    • Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises – Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
    • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis: Cations – Pb2+ , Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+. Anions- CO3 2-, S2-, SO4 2-, NO2-, NO3-, CI -, Br, I. (Insoluble salts excluded).

    Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

    • Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
    • Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
    • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
    • Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.
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